What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a common disease that occurs when the body is not producing the right amount of insulin or is not producing it properly. Insulin is a particular hormone that is used to give us energy from the starches and sweets that we eat. They convert these foods into the energy that keeps us going day after day.

With as much research that has been done over the years scientists are still unable to explain the cause of diabetes. We do know that those who do not exercise and who are obese are at a greater risk to contract this disease.

In order to determine whether or not a patient has pre-diabetes or diabetes, health care providers conduct a Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPG) or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Either test can be used to diagnose pre-diabetes or diabetes. The American Diabetes Association recommends the FPG because it is easier, faster, and less expensive to perform.

With the FPG test, a fasting blood glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl signals pre-diabetes. A person with a fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg/dl or higher has diabetes. In the OGTT test, a person’s blood glucose level is measured after a fast and two hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage. If the two-hour blood glucose level is between 140 and 199 mg/dl, the person tested has pre-diabetes. If the two-hour blood glucose level is at 200 mg/dl or higher, the person tested has diabetes.

June 8th, 2008 • tonks • Conditions and Diseases, Diabetes Comments Off


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