Different Types Of Acne

Acne is something that many of us have to deal with at one point in time of our life. Before we can determine what the best treatment to use is we first have to learn the different types there are in order to know which one we have. There are two classifications of acne non-inflammatory acne and inflammatory acne.

Non-Inflammatory Acne

Whitehead – when the plugged follicle stays below the surface of the skin it is classified as a whitehead. They appear on the top of the skin as small, white bumps.

Blackhead – when the plug becomes larger and pushes through the surface of the skin it is called a blackhead. The dark appearance of the plug is not caused because of dirt – but because a buildup of melanin.

Inflammatory Acne

Papule – is one of the more mildest forms of inflammatory acne. It is seen on the skin as a small and firm pink bump that can be tender when touched. It is often considered an intermediary step between non-inflammatory and clearly inflammatory lesions.

Pustule – like papules, pustules are small round lesions; unlike papules, they are clearly inflamed and contain visible pus. They may appear red at the base, with a yellowish or whitish center. Pustules do not commonly contain a great deal of bacteria; the inflammation is generally caused by chemical irritation from sebum components such as fatty free acids.

Nodule or Cyst – large and usually very painful, nodules are inflamed, pus-filled lesions lodged deep within the skin. Nodules develop when the contents of a comedo have spilled into the surrounding skin and the local immune system responds, producing pus. The most severe form of acne lesion, nodules may persist for weeks or months, their contents hardening into a deep cyst. Both nodules and cysts often leave deep scars.

Acne conglobata – this rare but serious form of inflammatory acne develops primarily on the back, buttocks and chest. In addition to the presence of pustules and nodules, there may be severe bacterial infection.

June 10th, 2008 • tonks • Conditions and Diseases, Skin Comments Off

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